Friday, December 24, 2010

My Top Ten Clues 2010

top-crossword-clues-2010 During this year, whenever I've liked a clue exceptionally and found pen-paper or my laptop within reach, I've made a note of it. Sharing with you my favourite ten of that list.

Some of them I struggled with and some I solved on sight, but all seem deliciously obvious after seeing how they work.

Times 24520 was a brilliant puzzle with every clue a treat - I've picked two out of it for this list. In some cases it was the full grid that I relished more than individual clues – Guardian 25142 and Guardian 25044 for the way the theme has been structured to cover a huge range of clues, Guardian 25104 for its theme so elusive I didn't cotton on to it till the very end, the India-special Indy of 26th Aug (I wish the paper gave us linkable archives. Update: Good news - Anax has shared Indy 7445 as an interactive grid - link).

On to those top ten clues. Have a good time solving.

Guardian 25165 (Brendan): Hercule P's mistaken where body is found (9)

Times 24633: Nose and eyes, from what we hear, often indicated by hands (5) V____

Times 24703: Stuck one's neck out when split in two, for example (8) A_____M_

FT 13558 (Loroso): Just a device to say "I'm drunk" and others will drink (7) E_____L

Times 24520: Sort of food almost everyone, surprisingly, eats these days (4-5) O___-R____

Times 24520: Steer dogs past wide swamp (9) O______L_

Times 24658: Lost it (the war, presumably) ...  (5,1,6) T____ A ______

FT 13420 (Alberich): One fishes out dude, according to him? (7) S_____R

Guardian 25180 (Brendan): Is a bit less liable to change (10)

@diogeneb on twitter: Harry "I met scar" Potter! (8)

Which clues were your favourites of 2010?

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Wish you a very merry Christmas and a great New Year 2011.

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Monday, December 20, 2010

Lift and Separate

definition-wordplay-joint A major part of solving cryptic clues is identifying which is the definition, which the wordplay. This can be quite easy in clues like:

FT 13525 (Dante): Colin acted badly in Western (10)

"badly" jumps out as a possible anagrind and the ten letters before it look like anagram fodder for the ten-letter answer. Of the rest, we reason, "in" must be a connector and "Western" the definition.

FT 13570 (Falcon): Vessel from Kenya or Tanzania (5) 

The definition has to be "vessel", we decide. The word "from" flags that the definition lies before it and the definition for a 5-letter word is more likely to be "vessel" than "Tanzania".

Not all clues let us detect their structure so readily. Some create a joint so compelling between definition and wordplay, it takes an act of supreme will for the solver to pry them apart. This is popularly called "lift and separate". Apparently the term was coined/first used by reigning Times Crossword Championship winner Mark Goodliffe – anyone know when/where? [Update (11-Oct-2015): It was on the blog for Times 23496 in Jan 2007. (source)]

Here are a few clues that require the "lift and separate" treatment, for you to admire and solve:

FT13571 (Aardvark): Aching to cook and eat Welsh rabbit (7) C_____G

Times 24702: Odin's son has a mark on map to denote treasure chest (6) T_____

FT 13541 (Alberich): Location for Santa Maria's centre reached outward (6) G_O___

FT 13558 (Loroso): One found at back of strip club in India (5) L____

FT 13403 (Loroso): As they say, the crown will be dethroned (6) T____E

FT 13403 (Loroso): A frame for turning over hot bread (6) M_____

Guardian 25169 (Cincinnus): Using empty shed to trap brown bear (9) W________

[Answers in the comments]

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Saturday, December 11, 2010

The Ximenean Scale for Single Letter Indicators

single-letter-indicators Single letters picked from words in clues must be indicated grammatically, Ximeneans say.

India's capital = I, the fourth of July = Y, Romania's leader = R, dog's tail = G all pass the Ximenean test. The wordplay and surface grammar are in perfect harmony.

Opinions begin to get divided with constructs like East End = T. "East End" isn't the grammatical equivalent of "East's End", but many don't object to it. As Alberich says in this excellent article, a sort of justification can be found in that "we talk about the "Jones house" to mean the house of the Joneses or the "Federer serve" to mean Federer's serve".

We step into murkier waters with clues that don't just skip the apostrophe but also the space between words: redhead = R, midnight = G etc. Redhead is not the same as to "red's head", midnight is not equal to "mid of night". The device isn't grammatical, it won't win you the CCCWC, but many fair, reputed setters use it:

Guardian 24916 (Brendan): Poet, novelist and critic providing wild parties after midnight (6) GRAVES
[ni]G[ht] RAVES (wild parties)

THC 9471 (Gridman): Luxury stuff gathered around redhead (5) FRILL
FILL (stuff) around R[ed]

What do you think of this?

This clue appeared in the Guardian yesterday, with a single letter indicator I was unprepared for:

Guardian 25190 (Boatman): Vessel attending in the Mediterranean, perhaps French marine zone (7) STEAMER

SEA is "Mediterranean, perhaps", MER is "French marine zone", and "vessel" the definition. Where did T come from? It turned out that T = attending, since attending = ATT ending.

Is this going too far? Or does it make you say yay, bring on those "R=trending and L=startle"s?

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Thursday, December 9, 2010

Books crossword setters used in days bygone

Chaturvasi (Rishi) reminisces about specialist dictionaries that he has relied on in the past decades for compiling crosswords. Our guest author is a published crossword setter.

crossword-booksAnax’s post the other day mentioned some crossword software within which one can get results for given word patterns to go into the slots in the grid.

Before the development of crossword software or mere word pattern search software, we had books that listed in a straightforward or elaborate manner words classified by length or position of letter(s) or both. No doubt these were prepared with computer aid but before the wide use of the Internet.

This article, written in a nostalgic mood, recalls some specialist dictionaries which I collected from my initial days of crosswording. When I turned a setter, at hand were aids whose potential I may not have realised fully at the time of purchase.

The Modern Crossword Dictionary

It so happens that the first book that I obtained on April 29, 1968 - within a month of my taking up job as a newspaperman - still happens to be my favourite. It is The Modern Crossword Dictionary compiled by Norman G. Pulsford (A Pan original, 1967). The entries are arranged in alphabetical order according to the number of letters in them. What I like about this book is that it has phrases in the first section, while words appear in the latter section. Let’s say you want a 15-letter phrase beginning with the letter B. You turn to B–15 and find listed under it phrases from BARE-FACED NELSON to BYZANTINE SCHOOL. The Words section lists words only 3 to 9 letters. If you want a 10 or more-letter word beginning with B you will have to look elsewhere.

Cassell’s Crossword Finisher

The next book is Cassell’s Crossword Finisher compiled by John Griffiths (Cassell, 1975) which I bought on July 19, 1976. Despite the title, it’s as good for a person who sets out to compile a crossword rather than the solver who desperately wants to finish off the unfinished crossword. This book, obviously put together by a computer expert, helps us to pick up words based on any one or two known letters in a word. Suppose we want a 7-letter word for ?O?N??? we go to the relevant section and find we have a choice of several words from BONNILY to YOUNGER. Geographical proper names are marked with an asterisk and personal proper names with a plus sign. Proper names include first names, mythological names and a selection of surnames of, amongst others, artists, writers, composers and statesmen. Only words are given, no meanings or further details as these are outside the purview of dictionaries of this kind.

Longman Crossword Key

A book that I have used most before the advent of crossword pattern search software is Longman Crossword Key ed. by Evelyn Marshall (Longman, 1982). The book lists words not only by length but also by letter position.

If, for instance, we want a six-letter word whose third letter is e (??e???), we turn to the section for six-letter words. Then we find ‘position = 3’ and look through the letters printed in bold type until we come to ‘e’ as the third letter. There we find words from ‘acedia’ to ‘wretch’.

This use of bold type for a letter in a known position makes it very convenient to scan the list and move from ??a??? to ??e???. I would have preferred to have the words in upper case.

The Crossword Completion Dictionary

An unusual dictionary is The Crossword Completion Dictionary compiled and devised by R. J. Edwards (Stanley Paul, London, 1983), which I acquired on January 17, 1985. Words are grouped according to length and arranged in alphabetical order from the end of each word. In the 3-letter section, words ending in ??A are first, followed by ??B, ??C, ??D and so on to words ending in ??Z. Suppose we need a 9-letter word that has the letters ??????A?D, we first go to the section --------D in the chapter Nine-letter Words, then look through the seventh-letter column for the letter A and find in the relevant area words from DISREGARD to HAPHAZARD.

Bradford’s Crossword Key Dictionary

A book which I got during a visit to the USA in 2004 is Bradford’s Crossword Key Dictionary ed. by S.M.H. Collin and P. H. Collin (Peter Collin Publishing, Teddington, Middx., U.K., 2000).

Suppose we need a word that is 8-letters long, with C as the fifth letter and C as the last letter. We turn to the chapter for 8-letter words; to the section that has these words organised by the fifth letter, look down the list till we find words with C and look within this group for words that have C as the last letter. We have words from ANARCHIC to GALACTIC.

Each page has a top line indicating the length and letter position. (In the above instance the page will have 8 LETTERS > LETTER 5 at left flush and □ □ □ □ ■ □ □ □ at right flush.) However, the fifth letter in each of the words in the list itself is not in bold.

Of all the books that I have mentioned above, only one, The Modern Crossword Dictionary, provides in the first section an alphabetically ordered list of phrases, tabulated according to the number of letters they contain. This is of great help to compilers when they look for phrases to be inserted in long slots as they start grid-filling.

You can imagine why that book was a favourite of mine. Another book that I acquired subsequently, The Crossword Phrase Dictionary,compiled and devised by R. J. Edwards (Stanley Paul, London, 1981) excelled itself – in it the phrases are arranged not only by number of letters in the phrase, but by the length of the individual words.

I may also mention The Oxford Paperback Crossword Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 2000) which lists words and phrases of a given length. However, the compilation being that of Modern House Books Ltd rather than an editor, the list has odd entries such as ‘usurp the place of’ or ‘put one’s mind to’ – phrases which are quite unlikely to be entered in a crossword grid, what with those prepositions at the end.

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Tuesday, December 7, 2010

George Bush - President most panned

George-W-Bush American presidents have a potent presence in British cryptic crosswords. ABE is a standard charade piece. Obama has been a hit ever since the days of his presidential campaign. Carter shows up every now and then. But the American president most unflatteringly invoked, most played for laughs is George Bush.

Some clues that involve Bush in the wordplay or answer, enjoy solving:

Guardian 25008 (Arachne): Throw shoe! Bugger invaded Iraq! (6,4)

Guardian 24930 (Brendan): World leader, so-called (4)

Guardian 24548 (Arachne): Desperately spur Bush to make improvements (5-3)

Guardian 25067 (Araucaria): Doubt of ex-president losing article about … is it about love? (9) D_______Y

FT 13499 (Orense): Born to talk at length, without meaning - that's Bush (7) 

Guardian 24841 (Enigmatist): He buggers off having acquired nothing (6,4)

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Thursday, December 2, 2010

Useful Tools For Crossword Setters


Guest author Dean Mayer (Anax) talks about tools that he finds most useful as a crossword setter. By the end of this article, you will have an overview of the features these setting tools provide, their differences and some tips to help you decide which one to buy.

Anax is a professional cryptic crossword setter for the top daily crosswords in UK - The Independent, the FT as Loroso and anonymously in The Times. He blogs here and tweets as @anaxcrosswords.

Generally, there is such a thing as good freeware, but when it comes to creating publishable crosswords the only realistic option is to buy a professional package, and for serious setters there are just two big names – Crossword Compiler and Crosswordman. For ease of reference I’ll refer to the former as CC and the latter as TEA (based on its former name of TEA and Sympathy). They both offer an extensive range of features; equally they both have fundamental differences, which is the reason I use both! More of that later.

I’ll try to run through what each of these packages does/doesn’t offer, but from the outset it’s worth mentioning that a new release of TEA is on the way. Although I can’t go into detail, I can say there are significant improvements to what is already an outstanding piece of software, and many of these improvements revolve around the sophisticated wordplay tricks employed by (typically) thematic barred puzzle setters. I know this because, after contacting author Ross Beresford with a small tweak suggestion, he told me a new release was in the pipeline.

So – what does “serious” mean?

OK, if you’ve put together a crossword and want a publication to accept it they will, at the very least, need high resolution grid artworks and typographically faultless clues. In most cases, though, and particularly as regards newspapers, they will already be using either CC or TEA and will expect submissions in one of those formats. Even if newspapers aren’t your target, the ability to export all elements of your work at high quality is of huge benefit. But there’s so much more to it than just artwork. Creating a cryptic crossword (especially) is a labour of love, and full-featured crossword software can actually inspire you to create even better work. Let’s start with CC.

Crossword Compiler

The basic package currently costs €39, but there are a range of add-ons including WordWeb Pro (dictionary and thesaurus), various word lists and a Pro Grid Filler which is most useful for heavily or fully cross-checked puzzles where a manual fill can be extremely difficult. Bought separately these would amount to the princely sum of €188 but you can go all-in for a very reasonable €129 (£109). Is that expensive? I don’t think so. In terms of what it offers the crossword setter it is at least equivalent to what PhotoShop offers the image manipulator for something like £600. Remember, CC is a professional package used by the majority of newspapers – it’s not a toy!

What does it offer? Well, when you launch the software you’ll see this:

01 Crossword Compiler launch

You can see immediately how wide a variety of puzzles it’s designed to help you to produce. For me, that alone is worth the entrance fee. What about those “Other templates”? Whenever you create a puzzle you have full control over its appearance – cell size, line colours and weights, block colours, fonts etc. Any of these can be saved as a template, so when you go to create a new puzzle (let’s say ‘Round Tour’ from that list) all of those previously specified parameters will be in place.

Within any grid design you can assign special values to cells. A numbered cell can use a letter instead, or be left blank – useful for some thematic puzzles – or it can appear in a different colour or have a circle in it. You also have the choice of whether or not to have these format options visible in the solution grid.

Most of the puzzle types have a generous selection of pre-designed grids, but you can also make your own. Selecting the ‘Cryptic or quick’ puzzle you are presented with (I’ve scrolled down to highlight a grid):

02 gridselect

“Fill in alternative blocks” allows you to launch with a basic lattice of alternate rows and columns of 15-letter lights which you can then split up as you wish – “Design the grid myself” launches a completely blank grid. For now I’ll continue with the selected grid above, which launches as:

03 earlygridfill

In this grid I’ve inserted a few answers and highlighted the next one I want to fill; here is one of CC’s most useful features. In choosing the answer here I must be careful about the M which appears in the second intersecting down answer. If I selected DISAMBIGUATE for the highlighted answer it would be impossible to find anything for -M-B---, but CC can tell me this via its search pane:

04 autofind1

Clicking the little grid icon at the bottom of the pane firstly removes any answers that would cause a cross-checking problem, and also highlights the answer which will give the highest number of potential cross-checking answers:

05 autofind2

It doesn’t mean SIGN LANGUAGE is what I’ll choose, but at least the unusable DISAMBIGUATE has gone. When it comes to writing clues CC is helpful in providing a good dictionary and thesaurus (for the record, TEA’s version is pretty much identical in content) and the Clue Edit instruction invokes:

0607 cluepane-wordweb

Immediately evident in the second window (accessed via the top right icon of the toolbar) are the various tabs via which you can select e.g. examples of your answer and even anagrams. To the left of the WordWeb Pro icon is a facility which directs you to online dictionaries where your answer is listed. Two other icons are significant; the “chain” icon lets you link answers whose components are separated in the grid, e.g.:

0809 gridfill2 links

The “book” icon brings up a modest selection of indicators for 1- or 2-letter components. It also lists anagram and some other wordplay indicators which are useful, but it’s at this point TEA comes into its own as it is far superior when it comes to suggesting how answers can be split into wordplay components and how those components can be indicated.

OK, so let’s zoom ahead and see what we can do with a completed puzzle. Above the entry PARTNERS in the sample grid is a button which says “Web Publish”. This brilliant feature starts by offering a huge number of options for how you want your interactive online puzzle to look. The overall applet dimensions, grid cell size, clue panel width, colours, fonts, whether or not to include ‘Reveal’ buttons, timer, even an automatically generated PDF version – all of this and more is at your disposal. Once you’ve made your choices, click “Upload to web” and your puzzle presents itself online, at which point you can add a title, author name, instructions, even a picture if you want one. You can select to make your puzzle public (can be searched by anonymous users) or private (only accessible to those for whom you provide a link) and there you are – an online puzzle for the pleasure of your fans. It’s a doddle.

Well, I say ‘doddle’. It isn’t always a smooth process and if you’ve already got your browser in action before you press “Upload to web” you may get a “Cannot display the web page” message. Just to avoid that frustration, exit your browser first – I do that and never have any problem. Once your puzzle is online, also remember to copy and paste the URL somewhere. You can of course access an admin area to call up the puzzle but making a note of it beforehand is usually more practical.

You can also export your puzzle offline in various formats. For reference I always produce a complete puzzle in a Word doc, with grid, clues, numbered solution and clue explanations; all of these can be copied to the clipboard separately.

You can also export the puzzle as a PDF, or in any of the “display” formats such as AcrossLite, or as simple TXT, or (in the case of grids) a variety of image formats. This grab gives an idea of the options:

10 export

It’s pretty comprehensive! The only not-so-good feature is PDF – while everything works, personally I find the resulting layout a bit clumsy and it’s not very easy to adapt it (there aren’t many formatting options anyway). If you want to generate PDFs I recommend clipboarding everything into Word and using a free PDF generator such as NitroPDF, which produces the file via the print dialogue.

Despite the imperfect PDFs and the limited wordplay facilities it’s hard to give this package anything other than 10 out of 10. In daily use it’s deliciously simple to use and you’re very unlikely to think to yourself “There’s something missing here”. And as for the price… well, I mentioned PhotoShop. I’m also very much into music recording and as soon as you get into professional software as used by professionals the costs become astronomical. CC is professional, and €129 for all of these goodies is exceptional value.


In terms of puzzle types TEA isn’t a patch on CC, but it isn’t supposed to be. Its creator Ross Beresford has a Listener crossword background and the highly sophisticated nature of this puzzle genre echoes all the way through TEA. The software consists of three main (separately purchasable) products – Sympathy Crossword Construction, TEA Crossword Helper and Wordplay Wizard – I can’t emphasise enough that buying all three is what you really need to get the full enjoyment. If you already have CC it could be argued you don’t really need TEA Crossword Helper, but since the entire package costs £129.95 it’s worth the £25 of that for TEA, if only for the convenience of not having to switch between applications!

INCIDENTALLY – for both CC and TEA, after ordering online you receive a download link for the software; you don’t need to sit around waiting for a CD-ROM to arrive (although that is an option).

When you launch TEA this is what you get:

11 TEA launch

There are fewer toys to play with than CC but, as you can see, everything revolves around puzzles for which you will be writing clues. Preset grids are available and, of course, you can design your own – and you also get the standard sets of Times and FT grids. Note that both of these are incomplete; the Times recently launched a handful of new grids and new ones have been appearing in the FT too; these will be incorporated in the new release of TEA.

Once you have selected a grid you can also choose which of the inbuilt word lists to use, and TEA’s implementation of this is, I think, better than CC in that all of the word lists appear together rather than under separate tabs:

12 searchpane1

There is also the ability to check the dictionary entry for an answer by highlighting it in the list and keying Ctrl + Enter, which is helpful in deciding if the definitions point towards a good clue in conjunction with whatever wordplay elements you uncover. The “Sport” word list is one I created, so TEA’s dictionary won’t feed off its entries. The same applies to entries which have an italicised dictionary citation – you’ll need to refer to the appropriate dictionary for a definition (but most of us have at least one dictionary, don’t we, if we’re ‘serious’ crossword setters?).

Like CC you can chicken out and let the software fill the grid, but TEA recognises that giving the setter no choice in this process may be a bad thing, so you can opt for an interactive fill. This is especially clever:

13 interactivefill

TEA examines the grid and calculates which light should be looked at first to (hopefully) ensure maximum fillability. It then “scores” each potential answer to show which will offer the greatest number of options as you continue the fill.

Filling the grid is fun enough, but TEA’s first major difference versus CC is the way you can search its wordlists. Built into its engine are various parameters which you can use to look for anagrams, part anagrams, specific letter patterns and much more. I like to produce the occasional pangrammatic crossword, and when I have just a couple of slots left it’s great to be able to insert a string such as:

14 searchpane2

TEA instantly offers SILVER FOX and SULFOXIDE as entries which match my requirement for a 9-letter word starting S-something-L and containing the letters F and X somewhere. And supposing I want to make a themed crossword where several anagrammed answers contain the name of a tree? Easy – I choose a tree, plant it in the search string and away we go:

15 searchpane3

There are a great many search templates to use, employing choice lists, variables and macros, and sometimes it’s a fascinating exercise just to play around with those. An example from the help file illustrates a search input as L[^AEIOU]... - in other words it will look for 5-letter answers starting with L but with a consonant as the second letter. Digits can be used to “lock” particular letters, so .11...11.. will produce a list of answers where the second, third, seventh and eighth letters are the same, as in FOOTSTOOLS, whereas .11...22.. will read as the same pattern but with a different double letter towards the end of the word, as in BOOKSELLER. Because most of the patterns can be used in combination you end up with an almost endless array of search possibilities.

The tricks are not confined to patterns for individual lights. Gimmicks can be added to puzzle fill, such as letters latent or misprints using this dialogue:

16 gimmicks

Once again, it’s worth mentioning that further gimmicks will be available when the new version of TEA is released.

As for the grid fill, I’d say there is only one area where I think CC has the upper hand, and that’s the process of linking lights to form single answers. It can be done in TEA, of course, but the CC version is far more straightforward. However, I believe that in the new release it will be possible to highlight separate lights in the grid, in any order, search for answers fitting the resulting pattern and automatically link them, so it could turn out that TEA will win that contest.

When an answer has been placed in the grid, there is no need to click an icon to begin writing its clue. A correctly placed double click on the answer itself will invoke the clue-writing pane:

17 cluetext

As the tabs indicate, TEA offers plenty of scope for ‘unusual’ extras for an answer or its corresponding light, but below the ‘Clue’ window is a button of particular importance. The Clue Workshop (sold separately as Wordplay Wizard) is an aspect of TEA that isn’t just good – it can, and probably will, help you to become a better cryptic clue writer. I’ve been setting cryptics for more than thirty years, but Clue Workshop has a habit of showing me ideas which I may have missed had I been working without it.

18 clueworkshop

Arranged in order of the number of wordplay components, the Workshop offers an often bewildering array of breakdowns which recognise deletions, charades, anagrams, reversals, containers, alternate letters and more. You’ll notice that each offering features items in red and blue text. A right click of blue items reveals a list of abbreviations pertinent to that letter or pair of letters. This list also indicates how commonly known those abbreviations are, so you can select one according to your target audience or according to what is sanctioned by your crossword editor. A right click of the red items leads to wordplay indicators for anagrams, charades, containers, reversals etc.

Although I haven’t gone into a huge amount of detail about this aspect of TEA, it is in my opinion an aspect of the software which is massively important for setters of all standards. Although, to be honest, I wouldn’t recommend it (because the rest of the package is so good) Clue Workshop is available as a separate module which you can use outside of TEA.

Puzzle export from TEA is perhaps not as extensive as CC but what it offers is generous enough to cover everything you are likely to need:

19 export

Since one of the export options is Across TEXT it is easy to create the full puzzle format ready for use in AcrossLite.

CC and TEA both display your work in progress, but do it differently. In CC you open a separate window to see the clues written so far, while TEA presents a full page with title, grid, preamble and clues on view. Neither is superior to the other, but it’s something to bear in mind if one option is preferable to the other.

Which one to buy?

To be absolutely honest, if your budget can stretch that far you really should go for both, as both packages are packed with useful features, a small number of which are unique but well worth having. However, buying both will set you back about £250 (on average I suppose that equates to about two published UK newspaper crosswords), so what if it really comes down to one or the other?

If you want to concentrate on sophisticated, inspired cryptic crosswords TEA looks to be the only option. The only (fairly small) downside to this is that newspapers tend to prefer submissions in CC – I set for the Times, FT and Independent and all of these request crosswords as CC files. I’d say the Independent is the most insistent because the online puzzle uses CC’s Java applet; the Times and FT do their own thing.

For me, I have to say I couldn’t manage with just one of the two. Overall, CC edges it in terms of simplicity and ease of use, while TEA has those features which make the clue-writing process hugely enjoyable and inspiring. I actually had an ancient demo version of TEA for several years, but later chose the full download of CC because at the time I was producing sudoku puzzles for my own website. Just over a year ago, after seeing that TEA had developed significantly compared to my old demo, I downloaded that too.

Before I toddle off for a coffee and resumption of my latest brain-killer, I should mention that CC and TEA aren’t the only packages out there. Crossword Maestro and Crossword Weaver are two others which spring to mind, but I’ve never used them so can pass no comment – perhaps others would like to chip in?


Crossword Compiler:

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